How to Live Healthy With Type 2 Diabetes

How to Live Healthy With Type 2 Diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the condition, impacting between 90 to 95 percent of all adult cases of diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, around 1.4 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes each year. While it can be scary to be diagnosed with any health issue, the good news is that type 2 diabetes can be easily controlled and managed, allowing you to live a happy and healthy life.

Here are tips for living healthily after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Exercise a Few Times a Week

Getting active and staying active doesn’t mean you have to spend hours at the gym. Being active is as simple as moving around throughout the day. This is especially important if you have a sedentary job or spend most of your time sitting.

If you want to train for a marathon or get into weightlifting, go for it! But, if you’re one of those people who don’t enjoy exercise, you can do simple things like mowing the lawn, taking a walk, or cleaning your home to get your heart rate up.

Eat Wholesome Foods

To manage the symptoms and impacts of type 2 diabetes, you’ll need to eat a diet that is low in refined carbohydrates, including flour and sugar. Your diet should mostly consist of lean meats, whole grains, vegetables, beans, whole fruit, and low-fat dairy products.

Whole refined carbohydrates should be avoided, healthy carbohydrates found in whole grains, vegetables, and legumes are a great source of fiber and other healthy nutrients.

Aside from dietary chances, other meal-time tips to follow include:

  • Using portion control
  • Eating on a schedule
  • Reading nutrition labels
  • Eating a variety of foods

By following the proper diet you can avoid blood sugar spikes and other common issues associated with diabetes.

Keep Tabs on Your Blood Sugar

Throughout the day, it’s important to test your blood sugar levels to ensure that you’re in a healthy range. Before meals, your blood sugar levels should be between 80 mg/dL to 130 mg/dL. A few hours after eating, your blood sugar levels should be below 180 mg/dL.

By testing your blood sugar regularly, you can determine if there are foods that cause blood sugar spikes or things you need to do to lower your levels.

Blood sugar level monitoring is also useful in determining whether or not your treatment is working. Sometimes insulin or medication levels need to be adjusted.

Take Medication as Prescribed

If your doctor has prescribed you medicine to help treat type 2 diabetes, like Januvia, it’s important to take the medication on a set schedule. Not taking the medication as prescribed can cause issues with your blood glucose levels.

Since certain prescriptions can be quite expensive, Januvia included. If you’re finding that you’re taking less medication than prescribed as a way to offset some of the cost, you’ll want to discuss with your doctor. Januvia cost can be lowered by using coupons or using sample packs to reduce your monthly cost.

Do Routine Skin Checks

One of the most common problems that impacts people with type 2 diabetes is sores on the feet. These sores can grow into large wounds and if left untreated, could require amputation. Each day check your skin, especially your feet, for any cuts, sores, or blisters. If you find that there’s a sore that just isn’t healing, it’s important to contact your doctor.

To take good care of your feet:

  • Wash and dry them daily
  • Wear supportive socks and shoes
  • Protect them from sharp objects

By taking proper care of your feet and examining them regularly, you’re less likely to deal with an injury or infection that doesn’t go away.

Take Care of Your Mental Health

While most diabetes risks are physical, there’s a link between depression and diabetes. If you’re down and out, you’re less likely to have the drive to take care of your health. Dealing with depression and diabetes is hard, which is why it’s important to speak up if you’re finding that you’re feeling down and out more often than not.

By treating both conditions at the same time, you’re more likely to stay on top of taking your medication. In turn, you’re less likely to be depressed and your blood sugar levels will improve.

Keep in Touch With Your Doctor

Aside from regularly yearly physicals, it’s important to stay in close contact with your doctor. If your blood glucose levels remain high or if you believe you’re suffering from the early onset of nerve damage in your feet, it’s important to discuss with your doctor. With the right medical support and knowledge, you can keep type 2 diabetes under control.


Being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes doesn’t mean that your life has to be put on hold. By following a healthy diet, staying active, and keeping tabs on your condition, you can live a fulfilling and happy life. Keep these tips in mind to keep diabetes symptoms and risks under control.

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