There are many skin care issues that can develop as people age or due to their lifestyle choices, and some can be treated with retinol creams or lotions. Others, however, may be more stubborn, such as spider veins. These can be identified as fine red or blue lines that are most common around the nose, cheeks, and legs. If you have developed spider veins, learning about what causes them and what treatments are available may help you resolve this troubling skin problem.
What Are Spider Veins?
Spider veins form when small veins in the face are weakened and walls of the vein develop small tears. When this happens, the veins leak a small amount of blood and create the reddish-blue marks that are the spider vein’s trademark. Depending on the extent of the damage, the broken capillaries may either be quite thin and faint or wider and brighter in color.
Spider veins are usually more noticeable in areas where the skin is thinner, as they are closer to the surface and therefore more easily seen. Anyone can develop this skin problem, but there are risk factors that make some people more vulnerable to them than others.
Who Develops Spider Veins?
While broken capillaries are not limited to any specific skin type, those with fair or sensitive skin may be more prone to develop them, as sun damage and harsh skin products can weaken the delicate veins that lie beneath the skin’s surface and cause the blood leakage that creates them. Those who have fair skin might notice that these capillaries are much more noticeable because of the contrast of their coloration to the skin’s complexion.
Climate and lifestyle may also be also factors for developing spider veins. Extreme weather conditions, such as harsh winters, hot, dry summers, and high winds can all cause the veins that carry blood to the face to expand and contract too quickly. This may weaken the vein walls over time.
How Can You Prevent Spider Veins?
Other factors, such as smoking and alcohol consumption, can cause your skin to age prematurely. While some of these can be difficult to avoid, using gentle skin care products with sun protection and limiting the use of tobacco and alcohol can reduce your risk factors for the broken capillaries that cause noticeable spider veins.
If you suffer from spider veins and want to seek treatment, there are several options that are open to you. One treatment, which is called electrocautery, involves using electricity to heat the damaged veins and stop the blood leakage that causes the discoloration. During treatment, the leaking vessels are sealed, which will prevent existing broken capillaries from getting any worse.
If alcohol abuse caused by mental illness has resulted in multiple spider veins on your face and you are undergoing dual recovery treatment, you may want to ask your doctors about laser surgery. This type of procedure uses precision lasers to target the damaged veins and heats them up until they collapse and sink away from the skin, where they are no longer visible.
Spider veins can appear on the face and body for a variety of reasons. However, when you understand the risk factors and causes, you may feel more confident about seeking treatment.